Die Beziehung zwischen Russland und der EU (German Edition)

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As part of their political strategy they imposed economic sanctions on Russia which retaliated in a similar manner. Thus the authors describe the sanction mechanisms and its economic effects and analyze the reciprocal economic dependencies with a special focus on Germany. They conclude that trade with Russia is of minor importance for Germany and the majority of the EU countries, possible losses could be compensated.

The only severe, short-term problem would be interruptions of Russian gas deliveries. But due to Russian dependencies on revenues from raw material exports as well as on technology imports from Western countries the Russian economy would suffer even more in case of a tightening of sanctions. Home Publications. Following the market economy reforms of the late s, the importance of trade ties between companies located in the People's Republic of China has constantly been on the rise. In recent years, the role of Chinese outbound investments has undergone considerable change and has been subject to ever stricter regulation.

Some of the rules applicable to Chinese outbound investments have recently, with effect as of March 1, , been modified. The present article takes a closer look at the current legal framework for Chinese outbound investments. On the one hand, the Court specifies the requirements for representation regulations in articles of association of a GmbH.

The guidance confirms that Germany will not impose VAT on cryptocurrency used as a form of payment. Tax authorities respond to recent CJEU decisions and provide guidance how to apply German anti-treaty shopping rules in line with EU law. Foreign parent companies are subject to German insurance premium tax on premiums paid in connection with risks situated in Germany, if neither the insurer nor the policyholder is resident in Germany. The insured parent company is obliged to report and pay the insurance premium tax.

Its German subsidiaries are liable for the tax. The ruling concerns the application of TOMS to business transactions and the application of simplified methods to calculate the margin. This decision is set to have significant implications for the entire travel industry. As every year, has also important changes in the area of wage tax and the social security right.

This article lists the most important changes you need to know for your current wage tax billing.

The German tax authorities have issued their annual guidance on the filing deadlines for the tax returns. The filing deadline for these returns is May 31, In cases where the tax returns are prepared by an external tax advisor, the filing deadline is typically extended to December 31, Rules are incompatible with EU parent-subsidiary directive and freedom of establishment principle.

The Federal Labor Court decided to ask the ECJ for a preliminary ruling on the impact of temporary workers on employee thresholds for collective dismissal notifications. The addback applies regardless of whether dividend distributions are tax-exempt as previously taxed CFC income. The maintenance of trademark protection for historic luxury brands requires a lasting and serious use. In the past, the Federal Labor Court Bundesarbeitsgericht ruled that even unreasonable directives by the employer were binding for the employee until a court adjudicated about the reasonableness and thus binding force of the directive.

This jurisdiction might change.

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Many developing countries report uncertainties and difficulties in conducting comparability analyses, in particular, the scarcity of the financial data necessary to carry out a comparability analysis. Supplies made by a Dutch BV to its German customer from consignment stock located in Germany do not qualify as intra-Community supplies and, therefore, are subject to VAT. The Croatian tax payers, members of the multinational groups that have consolidated revenues of min. The nullity of the trust agreement can lead to the ineffectiveness of the legally linked share transfer agreement.

The German Investment Tax Reform Act published in the Federal Law Gazette on July 26, raises a great number of practical questions — notwithstanding the objective to simplify the taxation of investment income which has been emphasised during the entire legislative procedure. The draft circular released by the Federal Ministry of Finance aims to clarify some of these questions. Dual consolidated loss rules apply only in the case of a loss at the consolidated group level, not at the entity level.

From this date on, a permanent use of temporary workers will no longer be possible.

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What is the essence of the draft Transparent Remuneration Law and what should employers consider already now? Provision of Mutual Legal Assistance in foreign bribery offences, examined within the framework of German — Turkish relations. Redemption of shares in a German GmbH: drop-in registered letter fulfills the formal requirements of a registered letter according to sec. The German Federal Ministry of Finance recently published a discussion paper on the amendment of the Decree on the type, content and extent of the transfer pricing documentation.

VAT Group — organizational integration can exist even if the management boards of the controlling and the affiliated companies are not identical. Missing participation of Representative Body for Severely Disabled Employees before notice of dismissal is given makes dismissal invalid.

"Einbahnstraße" in English

Limit would apply to royalty payments made to recipients benefiting from non-nexus-based, low-taxed IP Regime. There are many small changes, which should be noticed. Supplies via call-off-stock can be zero rated intra-community supplies if certain conditions are fulfilled. Taxpayers would be subject to increased duties to cooperate, and financial institutions would be subject to increased disclosure requirements.

The State Labor Court of Rheinland-Pfalz had to decide on the consequences arising from a secret recording of a staff appraisal by using a smartphone. Limit would apply to royalty payments made to recipients benefiting from non-nexus-based, low-taxed IP regime. CbC and master file reporting requirements and additional relief from general change-in-ownership rule introduced. The IPT is economically paid by the insured party, but the actual payment to the tax authority is usually made by the insurance company.

Even where a monopsony demand monopoly of the Public Authorities is given, there is room for establishing a market price within the meaning of public price law.

If due date is more than two years after the supply, the installment may be treated as a bad debt so that full VAT liability would arise only after payment is received. Deduction of extra hours in case of an exemption from the work duties during dismissal notice period remains unaffected by later inability to work.

The extraordinary information right of the limited partner is to be differentiated from the right to review the annual financial statement and can also serve to verify the business activities of the general partner. It is targeting hybrid mismatches with third countries and would require Member States to enact domestic legislation by 31 December at the latest.

The Brexit will affect cross-border restructurings relating to the UK — we show you the changes you can expect. A sham contract for work between lender and hirer does not necessarily lead to an invalid temporary personnel leasing. Continuation of same business operations would allow use of NOL carryforwards after a harmful change-in-ownership. Contingent liability of shareholders according to the BGH rulings dated 24 January and 10 May - Contingent liability of shareholders for compensation payments to exiting shareholder.

Treaty override provisions apply to treaties that entered into force after the treaty override provisions were introduced. The differing VAT treatment applied by the German tax authorities to mandatory rebates to private and public health insurers may not be in line with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Changes to sec. The subscriber of a share capital increase has a right of rescission in case the capital measure is not executed within a reasonable period. On June 23, , the majority of British voters decided to leave the EU, however this will not happen immediately.

In the next few months and probably years negotiations will take place between the EU and Great Britain on their relationship after the exit.


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During this negotiation period, companies should keep an eye on the related fiscal and legal issues. An upstream merger does not fulfill all of the criteria of a disposal due to lack of consideration from the perspective of the transferring entity. Voluntary disclosure protecting corporate bodies against criminal prosecution and enterprises against regulatory fines.

The director of a UK Limited can also be liable for payments made after insolvency pursuant to Sec. The existence of a Tax CMS can affect whether a taxpayer can be charged for willful or grossly negligent failure to comply. Transfer of co-ownership shares in goods may be considered a supply of goods potentially qualifying for the VAT exemption for intra-community supplies. An active holding company generally can recover input VAT and partnerships may be a controlled company in a VAT group.

Submission of scanned invoice copies is sufficient for input VAT refund under the special refund procedure for EU residents. BMF clarifies conditions for input VAT refund from invoices for intra-community supplies or export supplies. Nontaxable persons may not participate in such a group as controlling entity. The MOF has published a draft of new transparency rules for the energy and electricity tax, as well as changes to the energy and electricity tax ordinance. This year we miss the highlight of changes in the area of the wage tax and the social security right.